5/14/2006

Elephant (zoo)

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Elephant (zoo 象)

***** Location: Africa, India, Zoo
***** Season: Non-seasonal Topic
***** Category: Animal

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Asian Elephant, Elephas maximus
African Elephant, Loxodonta africana, L. cyclotis

Indian
http://www.chaffeezoo.org/animals/elephant.html

African
http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/AfricanSavanna/fact-afelephant.cfm



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Discussion about a Japanese Haiku by Buson

象の目の笑いかけたり山桜 
zō no me no waraikaketari yamazakura

an elephant's eyes smile -
mountain cherry blossoms

Tr. Gilbert

This haiku is written with inspiration from the place name, and its geological shape. The shape of Zōzusan is that of an elephant's head, and the shrine on the mountain looks like an elephant's eye.
source : Gilbert, simplyhaiku.com - Summer 2006



象の眼の笑ひかけたり山桜
http://www.library.pref.kagawa.jp/kgwlib_doc/local/local_9001-20.html


mountain cherries
begin to smile
at the eye of "Elephant Mountain"  

Tr. Gabi Greve


. Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 .  

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Elephant Head Mountain 象頭山
in Shikoku, near Konpira

But Kotohira is also home to the god of the sea and has long been a place of worship for fishermen and seafarers. The poor samurai in the nearby port of Marugame, a castle town, made uchiwa fans, which they sold to the fishermen pilgrims. The mountain deity also protects the health of the people and wards off evil influences, and has been worshiped since olden times.

In the Muromachi Period in the 14th century, pilgrimages to Konpira became a fad. The flow of worshipers from around Japan has never ceased, even today. Elephant's Head Mountain Range = Zozuzankei, or Zozu-san
zoozusan zoozuzan
Read Mark Schumacher on the Kotohira Pilgrimage




Elephant Mountain, Osakikamijima


Look at some images of the Elephant Head Mountain


ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo


We also have the Elephant Ganesh in the World Kigo Database:
The INDIA SAIJIKI : Ganesh


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Things found on the way


妙法寺 *鎮守堂
Temple Myoohoo-Ji



もともとは琴平・象頭山三十番神社
日吉山王大権現、伏見稲荷大明神、北野天神のご分身をお祀りしている。

There is also a haiku stone memorial of another haiku by Buson

蕪村句碑 : Buson Haiku Stone Memorial

「門を出(いず)れハ 我も行く人 秋の暮れ 」
門をいずれば 我も行人秋の暮れ

mon o izureba ware mo yuku hito aki no kure



丸亀市民俳句会によって昭和51年10月に建立された。

明和3年(1766)から明和5年(1768)の間に数回にわたって俳人画家・与謝蕪村が妙法寺に滞在して大作「蘇鉄図」など6点を揮毫して寺に残した。妙法寺は一名「蕪村寺」ともいう。 この句は与謝蕪村が妙法寺を去ってから6年後の59歳の時の作で、門を一歩出れば自分も道行く人の一人となり、ひとしお寂しさを覚えるという秋の夕暮れの情趣が味わえる。

毎年12月25日の蕪村の命日に、蕪村の業績をたたえ、その遺徳を偲んで「蕪村忌俳句会」(丸亀市民俳句会主催)が妙法寺で開催されている。

http://www.busondera.com/keidai/keidai.html

MYOHOJI-TEMPLE
Myohoji's other name is called "Buson's temple" or "Buson-dera".
http://www.busondera.com/e_index.html

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White Elephant 白象図 by Tawaraya Sotatsu 俵屋宗達


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Buddhas seating on an elephant
Elefanten-Sockel (kizoozoo)

. Fugen Bosatsu and the White Elephant  
普賢菩薩(ふげんぼさつ) Samantabhadra

Ein weißer Elefant steigt aus dem Tushita-Himmel herab, erscheint der Mutter des Shakyamuni, Maya, und kündigte ihr die Geburt des Sohnes an. Daher wird der Elefant in Indien besonders verehrt.
Elefant mit sechs Zähnen als Symbol der Stärke, Klugheit, machtvoller Würde, Unveränderlichkeit und Tugend der Meditation.
Fugen Bosatsu sitzt auf einem weißen Elefanten mit sechs Stoßzähnen.

Taishakuten sitzt auf einem weißen Elefanten, ein Bein herunterhängend.

Ashuku Nyorai sitzt ebenfalls auf einem weißen Elefanten.


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HAIKU

Students from Room 20 wrote haiku poems after studying about our favorite mammal:

I love elephants
We don't want them to die please
We love elephants

by Jessica
http://www.wccusd.k12.ca.us/washington/web99/rm20/WILD20.HTM


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Haiga by Emile Molhuysen, August 2008


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Related words

***** Introducing Buson : Harukaze ya ... spring breeze


***** Daruma and Konpira San
by Gabi Greve



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6 comments:

Narayanan Raghunathan said...

pooram kazhinju ~
aana chalivellathil
neeradi [ Malayalam ]

Pooram over~
the elephant plays
in the muddy river

Note~
Pooram[Malayalam ~ A celebration] ~ A Festival ~ especially in Thrissur district Keralam, India where many specially ornamented decorated elephants array for an annual temple festival.The Deities are also carried on the elephants There are many Poorams in Thrissur district around February March [Spring].Thrissur, Uthrakaalikkaavu and Aaraattupuzha are the most important.Aaraatupuzha Pooram Assembles 108 elephants. The Percussion ensemble for the Poorams simply are divine and extraordinary.Some of the greatest living percussionists of the earth are from this area. Chenda Maddalam Edakka are the Percussion instruments used.

Anonymous said...

Yosa Buson by Janice M Bostok

Quote from :
http://www.haikuoz.org/2007/04/yosa_buson_buson.html

Buson was originally named Taniguchi Buson (pronounced boo-sahn). He later changed his name to Yosa Buson. It appears he had more than one pen-name or 'go' throughout his lifetime. (Particularly as there are various seals that he used on his paintings.)

Buson was born in the village of Kema in the Settsu Province. Very little is known of his early childhood. His parents split up when he was eight years old and his mother died a few years later. His father died when he was about thirteen years of age. His family came from a farming village and it is recorded that Buson squandered his family inheritance.

Buson travelled to Edo when he was seventeen, some say. It is also thought that he might have been slightly older, but this was when he began to study haiku. Buson studied the haiku tradition of Bashô and it is thought that his work is second only to Bashô. Shiki shocked the literary community in Japan, at the time, by saying that he thought Buson was a greater poet than Bashô, because he was more objective. This objectivity may have come from his observation and interest in painting. Buson is considered one of Japan's finest artists.

During this period he began studying Chinese literature and art. Buson was literally a self-taught painter. He took a separate 'go' for his paintings.

When his haiku teacher died he began a ten-year period of wandering about the countryside, and retraced Bashô's steps on his most famous journey: The Narrow Road to the Deep North. Buson also wrote a type of free-verse/prose haibun. One example, Uji Visit, can be read in William J. Higginson's handbook2. It is considered that Buson was writing free verse long before the western influence almost swamped Japanese verse in the mid-nineteenth century, causing Shiki to revive it and save it from extinction.

It was during this period that Buson studied with other students, and stayed at Buddhist temples and earned his living as a haiku teacher. This is when he began to use the 'go' Buson. He published a collection of New Year Poems in 1744. He was twenty-nine years old. Some think Buson means 'my fields and orchards are invaded by weeds.' Perhaps he just wanted to return to his family farming village. He was also known to sign himself 'Monk Buson'. And he signed some of his paintings: Buson Zensh.

In 1751 at the age of thirty-seven he stopped wandering and settled in Kyoto. He was virtually unknown as a poet and painter at this time and lived in Buddhist temples for the next few years. This is where he developed his unique technique as a painter. In 1760 he married. Little is known about his wife and daughter, although they are briefly mentioned in letters.

Buson brought the influence of Southern Chinese painting to Japan. He liked bright colours and quick brush movements. As art critics have noted, he used a relaxed wrist style and fluid elbow movement. His quick strokes reveal little use of the flat part of the brush. He appears not to have paid much attention to the mastery of the set types of brush strokes (which one is expected to practice for years until one can do them perfectly, when learning Japanese painting). This is further evidence that he was self-taught and spent many years practicing his own technique. Apparently his technique for art was different from Bashô's advice for writers of haiku: learn the rules and then forget them.

Buson's best known statement about haiku comes from his preface to a collection of a haiku diary called 'Spring Mud', which he published in 1777. He says: 'the essence of haiku is to use ordinary words and yet become separate from the ordinary,' Be separate from the ordinary and still use the ordinary. Most of us would think this very difficult to do.

It is recommended in the Li Yu Mustard Seed Garden Manual for Painting that the painter should, from time to time, lay aside his brush and read poetry. Buson agreed with this advice and thought that surely haiku and painting was close. 3

His skill as an artist came into its own with 'haiga': the combination of haiku poems and painting. Buson was one of the most skilled of the ancient Japanese artists. He practiced three arts: literature, painting and calligraphy. It was very rare to be so skilled in all three. The painting to accompany a haiku poem is called a haiga. When calligraphy is also added the art is called 'ghaiku'. Buson's work is called ghaiku-spirited.Literary allusion often appears in haiku and because of the artist in Buson he is capable of bringing layers of meaning to his poems. At first his work may appear to merely be a beautiful painting in carefully chosen language. But it pays to take the time to search out and peel back the layers.

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anonymous said...

from T. H. White's *Book of Beasts*,
a translation of a medieval bestiary


The copulation of elephants was a matter for speculation in the Middle Ages and still is, as it is rarely witnessed. Solinus quotes Pliny to the effect that their genitals, like those mentioned by Sir Thomas Browne in his note on hares, were put on backwards. It was supposed that, being modest, they preferred to look the other way while they were about it.

Albertus Magnus held that they copulated like other quadrupeds, but that, owing to the great weight of the husband, he either had to dig a pit for his wife to stand in or else he had to float himself over her in a lake, where his gravity would naturally be less. In fact, they copulate in the ordinary way and, according
to Lieut.-Colonel C. H. Williams, more gracefully than most.

Ella Wagemakers said...

Just wondering what an article about Buson has to do with elephants ... no matter, elephants are a cute topic, I think. We often watch their lifestyles on Animal Planet. Amboseli Park has got quite a community, and its interesting how the scientists and naturalists can recognize individual members.

the cool wind
from its mother's ears
baby elephant

And then there's the joke about how to fit 5 elephants in a Volkswagen -- just put 3 in the back and 2 in front. Simple, no?

harvesting grass
with its trunk
a matriarch

warm shadows
in a dark salt cave
elephant clan

Ella

anonymous said...

春霞菩薩は象に乗りたまひ   

haru-gasumi bosatsu wa zô ni noritamai

spring mist
a Buddhist deity rides
an elephant

Ikko Ueno 上野一考

Tr. Fay Aoyagi

Gabi Greve said...

象の背へ止むこと知らぬ花吹雪 
zô no se e yamukoto shiranu hana-fubuki

on an elephant’s back
never-ending
cherry blossom blizzard

Ogawa Gyokusen 小川玉泉
(Tr. Fay Aoyagi)

http://fayaoyagi.wordpress.com/2011/04/20/todays-haiku-april-20-2011/