6/15/2006

Mountain (yama)

[ . BACK to Worldkigo TOP . ]
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Mountains, Peak, Hill (yama, gake, oka)

***** Location: Japan, worldwide
***** Season: Non-seasonal Topic
***** Category: Earth / Humanity / Observance


*****************************
Explanation

MOUNTAIN, just like that, is not a kigo.

Mountains are challengeing in every season.
But quite a few kigo with mountains exist.
Let us look at them.


*****************************
Kigo for Spring

mountains smiling, yama warau 山笑う
This personification of the mountains goes on through the four seasons, according to the Chinese painter Guo Xi 郭熙:

The mountains in spring are light and seductive as if smiling:
the mountains in summer have a blue-green colour
which seems to be spread over them;
the mountains in autumn are bright and tidy as if freshly painted;
the mountains in winter are sad and tranquil as if sleeping.




Mt. Daisen, Japan

yama warau - watashi datte waraimasu yo

.. .. .. mountains smiling-
.. .. .. and me of course
.. .. .. smiling too

Photo and Haiku © Gabi Greve


.................................................................................

................. kigo for all spring

haru no yama 春の山 (はるのやま) mountain in spring
..... haruyama 春山(はるやま)
shunrei 春嶺(しゅんれい) peak in spring
yayoi yama 弥生山(やよいやま)mmountain in the month of yayoi
(the third lunar month, now about April)


yama warau 山笑う "mountains smiling"


.................................................................................

................. kigo for late spring

enjoying the mountains, playing in the mountains
..... yama asobi 山遊、yama isami 山いさみ



noasobi, no asobi 野遊 (のあそび) enjoying the fields and plains (outdoors)
..... nogake 野がけ(のがけ)(prayers in the moor)
People walked in the fields, collected the fresh green herbs of spring and prepared them for eating, thus participating of the life-giving power of spring.


haru asobi 春遊(はるあそび)enjoying spring (outdoors)
playing outside in spring

pikunikku ピクニック picknick

toosei 踏青 (とうせい) stepping on the fresh green
..... aoki fumu 青き踏む(あおきふむ)
An old Chinese custom to enjoy the outdoors.


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Kigo for Summer

natsu no yama 夏の山 summer mountain
..... natsuama 夏山

..... natsune 夏嶺(なつね)
aone 青峯(あおね)"green peaks"
..... aoki mine 青き嶺(あおきみね)

natsuyamaji 夏山路(なつやまじ)path in summer mountains
natsuyamaga 夏山家(なつやまが)house in the the summer mountains

satsukiyama 五月山(さつきやま)mountain in the month of satsuki
(the fifth lunar month, now about June)



. natsu Fuji 夏富士 (なつふじ) Mount Fuji in summer


.................................................................................



natsu sukii 夏スキー (なつすきー) summer skiing
..... samaa sukii サマースキー


.................................................................................

................. humanity kigo for late summer

start of the mountain climbing season
"opening the mountain" yamabiraki 山開
Usually at a shrine at the foot of the mountain, with members then climbing the mountain for the first time in this new season.


mountain climbing, mounteneering, tozan 登山
trail head, tozanguchi 登山口
mountain hut, shelter, tozanyado 登山宿
..... yamagoya 山小屋
tozanzue 登山杖(とざんづえ)mountaineering stick
tozangasa 登山笠(とざんがさ)mountaineering hat
..... tozanboo 登山帽(とざんぼう)
tozanuma, tozan uma 登山馬(とざんうま)horse for mountaineering
tozan chizu 登山地図(とざんちず) mountaineering map
zairu 登山網(ザイル) rope for mountaineering
(from the German : Seil )


kerun ケルン cairn
..... tsumiishi, tsumi-ishi 積石(つみいし)
Stones mounted on each other, to indicate the entrance of a mountain path or along the furt of a river.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !



hokka 歩荷 transporting luggage
..... ボッカ
Especially in Hida and Shinshu, when the paths are too small for horsed to transport luggage, it was done by special porters. These mountain porters also worked as guides for mountain huts.


ohanabatake, o-hanabatake お花畠 (おはなばたけ)
fields of flowers in high mountains

..... お花ばたけ(おはなばたけ)
There are usually all kinds of colorful wild flowers blossoming on the slopes of high mountains in the short alpine summer.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !



Trecking, Treck (Monsoon season in India)   

..........................................................................
     

................. observance kigo for mid- summer


uesutonsai, uesuton sai ウェストン祭(うぇすとんさい)
Weston Festival

First sunday in June.
At Kamikochi, in memory of Reverend Walter Weston (1861~1940)
He was a famous mountaineer and wrote
Montaineering and Exploring in the Japanese Alps (1896).
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


................. observance kigo for late summer

yamabiraki 山開き (やまびらき) "opening the mountain"
..... kaizansai 開山祭(かいざんさい)
Fujisan is on the first of June.
Tanigawadake 谷川岳 is on the first sunday of June.
Celebrations at the beginning of the mountain climbing season.

toake 戸開け(とあけ)"Opening the door"
at Mount Ominesan 大峰山 in Nara.
A festival of the yamabushi 山伏 mountain ascetics.
Third of May.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


In former times, most mountains were thought of as sacred and normal people were not allowed to climb the mountains.


. Shugendo 修験道
The Mountain Ascets Way of Life




:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Kigo for Autumn


aki no yama 秋の山 (あきのやま) autumn mountain
..... shuuzan 秋山(しゅうざん)
aki no mine 秋の嶺(あきのみね)peaks in autumn
..... shuurai 秋嶺(しゅうれい)
yama sumu 山澄む(やますむ)"clear mountains"
yama no aki 山の秋(やまのあき) autumn in the mountains




. yama yosou 山粧う (やまよそう)
mountains take on make-up and color,

..... yama yoso-ou 山粧う(やまよそおう)
..... yama irodoru 山彩る(やまいろどる
..... yoso-ou yama 粧う山(よそおうやま)




red-leaves in the mountain, momijiyama 紅葉山
When the forests are in their best autumn colors
. Autumn leaves, red leaves (momiji) .


"Mountain Whale" yamakujira, Wild Boar


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Kigo for all winter

fuyu no yama 冬の山 (ふゆのやま) mountain in winter
fuyuyama 冬山(ふゆやま)winter mountain
fuyumine 冬嶺(ふゆみね)peak in winter
yukiyama 雪山(ゆきやま)mountain in snow
setsurei 雪嶺(せつれい)peak in snow
fuyuyamaji 冬山路(ふゆやまじ)path in winter mountains

fuyu tozan 冬登山(ふゆとざん)mountain climbing in winter
fuyuyamaga 冬山家(ふゆやまが)mountain climber in winter

fuyuyamahada 冬山肌(ふゆやまはだ)"skin of the mountain"
bare slopes of the mountain in winter
kareyama 枯山(かれやま)"withered mountain"




wildfires, mountain fires, yamakaji 山火事


Mountains asleep (yama nemuru) 山眠る
..... nemuru yama 眠る山(ねむるやま)


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Kigo for the New Year

first view of the mountain, hatsu yama 初山
..... yama hajime 山初
first climb on the year, hatsuyamabumi 初山踏
..... hatsu nobori 初登り
..... yama-iri 山入

Mountain on the second of January, futsuka-yama 二日山
People who work in the mountain forests bring offerings for the gods and pray for the safety in the new coming year.


First view of Mount Fuji, hatsu Fuji 初富士


http://www.minobusanropeway.co.jp/photo/sunrize01.jpg

First Sunrise, Fuji seen from Mount Minobu


初富士のかなしきまでに遠きかな
hatsu fuji no kanashiki made ni tooki kana

first Mt. Fuji
until I have become sad
at such a distance


Yamaguchi Seison 山口青邨


*****************************
Worldwide use

Germany

Mount Brocken , der Brocken  
including the Walpurgis Night

*****************************
Things found on the way



*****************************
HAIKU


夏山やよく雲かゝりよく晴るゝ
natsuyama ya yoku kumo kakari yoku haruru

summer mountains -
often in clouds
often in sunshine


alternative

summer mountain -
sometimes in the clouds
sometimes in sunshine


Takahama Kyoshi 高浜 虚子
(Tr. Gabi Greve)

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

yama warau -
even the funeral seems
lighter


Gabi Greve, May 2005

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

初詣 山の神には だれもこん
hatsu-moode yama no kami ni wa dare mo kon

first Shrine visit -
to our Mountain God
nobody comes


Gabi Greve 2004

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


sleepless night—
man and mountain vibrate
in thunder


WHR: Gabi Greve, JP           

*****************************
Related words

***** Asama Mountain in Shinano

***** Aso, Mount Aso in Kyushu

***** Fuji, Mount Fuji, Fujiyama, Fujisan


***** Kaguyama 香具山 Ama no Kaguyama 天香久山 Japan.
three mountains of the Yamato plain 大和三山 Yamato Sanzan
Miminashiyama 耳成山 (140 meter) Mount Miminashi
Ama no Kaguyama 天香久山 (154 meter) Mount Kagu
Unebiyama 畝傍山 (199 meter) Mount Unebi


***** Mountain temple (yamadera) Japan.

***** Nantaisan, Mount Nantai Nikko.

***** Tsukuba Mountain, First view of Mt. Tsukuba (hatsu Tsukuba) Japan

***** Utsu no Yama, Mount Utsu, Mt. Utsu near Okabe in Shizuoka



***** Blue Ridge Mountains USA

***** Himalaya Mountains INDIA

***** Kenya, Mount Kenya and Mount Kilimanjaro Kenya Saijiki


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


***** Mountain Goblins (tengu)
Non-seasonal Topic

enchanted tengu
legend of the dark forest
superphysical


Agustin Eastwood De Mello
http://www.inzenity.com/mythku/mythsrc.shtml


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




beyond the trees
behind the clouds
Mount Kanchenjunga


Johannes Manjrekar, India, September 2006

Click HERE for more photos of
Mount Kanchenjunga - Sikkim  


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


***** Distant mountain, foothill (toyama 外山)
topic for haiku



*** alpenglow, Alpenglühen
kigo for spring


.................................................................................


. SAIJIKI ... category EARTH
 


[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

8 comments:

Narayanan Raghunathan said...

mountain asleep ~
twilight sun sways
in breeze song

Ella Wagemakers said...

on the other side
of the seven mountains
my mother

distant mountain
even the evening star
is closer

steep mountain ...
the patience
of my own feet

dark mountain
yet wild flowers
thrive at its feet

Ella Wagemakers
www.ewchameleon.com

Anonymous said...


sacred mountain
I think of when I was four
and without sin ...

holy mountain ...
who will bless
my tired feet?


Ella Wagemakers

Yonago Flower Park

anonymous said...

Mountain flames, fire smokes -
Brush and alpenglow burn red
Under eggshell sky

blogging anonymously

Gabi Greve - WKD said...

神の座を雲来て包む山開き
kami no za o kumo kite tsutsumu yamabiraki

the seat of the deity
is wrapped in clouds -
start of the climbing season

Fujitani Shie 藤谷紫映


More about kami no za
.

Gabi Greve - WKD said...

Echigo Mountains and Issa

えちご山 越後 

Gabi Greve - Issa said...

Kobayashi Issa

夏山に洗ふたやうな日の出哉
natsuyama ni arauta yoo na hi no de kana

on summer mountains
as if washing them
dawn light

This hokku is from a letter written on 4/19 (June 3) in 1798 by Issa when he was traveling around in western Honshu and the island of Shikoku, so it was probably written shortly before this date. In the last two or three weeks the mountains have become covered with leaves in different shades of green, since many of the new green leaves are glossy and wet-looking with a medium-green luster that will deepen to a darker green later in the summer. As the dawn sun rises its ruddy light lies on the mountains to the west, and the new leaves, many of them moist-looking, literally glisten as if they had been rinsed. At this moment perhaps spiritual purity also seemed possible to Issa. As Issa knew, in Japanese shamanism and Shinto people's hearts and minds are believed to be purified by the sight of the rising sun and dawn light, and perhaps in this hokku he hopes for spiritual insight amid the equally pure sunlight and new green leaves all around him. Amida Buddha is most commonly worshiped or meditated on as the sun goes down, since his Pure Land is in the west, while this hokku is about the first step in the sun's journey to the west. The hokku may well be about deep forms of spiritual purity.

Chris Drake

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

製錬のにほひかそかに夏山路
seiren no nioi kasoka ni natsu yamaji

the faint smell
of metal smelting
on the summer mountain road


上村占魚 Uemura Sengyo (下野足尾銅山)

more about
Ashio doozan 足尾銅山 Ashio Dozan, Ashio Copper Mine, Tochigi
.
http://edoflourishing.blogspot.jp/2015/12/sumitomo-family-business.html
.